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The Chinese semiconductor industry in the historical process

Time:2018-05-16 Views:474
In March 4, 2000, Mr. Wei Erde, a 79 year old former president of the Fudan University, spoke in the world. U. S. congressman Kate Wei Erde sent a national flag raised by Congress to the Fudan American Research Center to commemorate the lady who made outstanding contributions to the development of Sino US relations. Wilde, a firm Anti China faction, has voted against extending the most favored nation treatment in China in the past. Until he met Xie Xide, he was soon infected by Mr. Xie‘s profound knowledge and strong personality, and became a friend of the Chinese people. He said: "as a member of the United States, I feel honored to work with her to promote Sino US relations towards a new century."
The first female university president of the new China has been active in promoting the relationship between China and the United States in his late years, and she founded the Fudan American Research Center, the top organization of the United States. Many people do not know that Xie Xide, who is wise, strong and beautiful, is the founder of China‘s semiconductor industry and is known as "the mother of China semiconductor".
In 1949, when she received a master‘s degree in Smith college, her brother wrote to inform her of the founding of new China. Shshid, who grew up in artillery fire and fled, feels that the dawn of China has come. Since then, she has been determined to return to China. In 1950, after the outbreak of the Korean War, the US government subsequently banned the return of science and engineering students from the United States to China. In 1951, Cao Tianqin, 30, graduated from theoretical physics in Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His lover, Dr. Cao Tianqin, also graduated from the University of Cambridge Department of biochemistry. Joseph Needham returned to Britain to be married to Cao Tianqin. In second years, two people could hardly wait to move from England to India and Hongkong, and set foot on their journey home.
After returning home, he was appointed professor at the Physics Department of Fudan University. In just five years, she has opened 6 courses, solid physics and quantum mechanics, from scratch. In 1956, Premier Zhou launched the slogan "March to science". She was transferred to Peking University by the State Council to jointly prepare the semiconductor professional group. And the first semiconductor specialized training class was founded in China with Huang Kun of Peking University and Gao Dingsan of Jilin University. After a whole year, Xie hid and Huang Kun coauthored "semiconductor physics" came out, which is also the first work in the field of our country, until now it is also a classic textbook. After two years of training, more than 300 young scientists and technicians, including academician Wang Yangyuan of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xu Juyan of the Academy of engineering, and Yu Zhongyu of microelectronics, have been assigned to the first batch of semiconductor research units and production frontlines in China and become the pioneer and backbone of the industry.

The discipline, which was born in 1947, was rooted in the roots of China, thanks to the efforts of Xie Xi De and other older generations of scientists.
One
The outbreak of the Korean War made China the forefront of the world‘s political and military conflicts. In order to solve the problem of military electronic communication, under the technical support of the Soviet Union and the Democratic Germany, the Beijing electronic tube plant (774 factory, now in the east of the East), was prepared by our country in Jiuxianqiao, Beijing. The factory has 12 million 200 thousand electronic tubes per year, and is the largest electronic tube factory in Asia. In addition, Jiuxianqiao also built a large scale of Beijing Motor General Factory, North China Radio Equipment Factory (which is now 798 art area), Beijing cable power plant (738 factory), North China Photoelectric Technology Research Institute and other units. These 15 period factories become the foundation of China‘s electronic industry.
In 1956, Xie Xide, who trained the first batch of semiconductor talents in Peking University, won the Nobel prize in physics for Shockley invented the germanium transistor. The invention of the Baer laboratory 8 years ago, compared with the glass - covered vacuum tubes that had been used before, was tiny, durable and big, and was a gift of God, shaking the world‘s electronics industry.
In the same year, the state, combining the trend of the development of science and technology at the time of the world, formulated a twelve year plan for the development of 1956-1967 science and technology, and took computers, radio, semiconductors and automation as an emergency development area for national production and national defense, and entered into the science of science. Under the guidance of the policy of "focusing on development, catching up" and "taking tasks with disciplines", China‘s semiconductor industry has made great progress from scratch. In 1957, the Beijing electron tube factory pulled out germanium single crystals. In the same year, germanium transistors were developed. In 1958, the Wang Shouwu and Wang Shoujue brothers of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (the Chinese Academy of Sciences called "King" and "Xiao Wang") developed the first batch of high frequency transistors of germanium alloys, and were successfully applied to the 109 B computer in the 109 plant (CAS Microelectronics).
In 1959, Khrushchev formally declared to stop all aid to China after taking part in the 10th anniversary National Day of the national day, and Soviet experts withdrew from China. China and Soviet Union formally broke up and began a more than 20 year confrontation. On the other side of the earth, TI‘s Kirby proposed the idea of an integrated circuit; three months later, the Fairchild Corp‘s Noyce replaced the wire with an evaporative deposition of metal, making it possible for an integrated circuit to mass production. In 1960, the US invented planar lithography technology, and the Fairchild Corp then developed the first transistor IC in the world.
In 1959, under the leadership of Lin Lanying, our country broke through the Western embargo and pulled out silicon single crystals only a year later than the United States. In the same year, Li Zhijian pulled out high purity polysilicon in Tsinghua. In 1960, the semiconductor Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Hebei Semiconductor Research Institute (13) are formally established. China‘s semiconductor industrial system has been initially built. In the same year, Huang Kun, Wang Shouwu, Wang Shoujue, Lin Lanying began to study plane lithography, and developed 5 kinds of silicon planar devices in 1963, which were applied to the 109 C computer. In 1965, Wang Shoujue etched 7 transistors, 1 diodes, 7 resistors and 6 capacitors in a silicon chip of about 1 square centimeters. The first integrated circuit in our country was born.
In the early 60s, under the support of the United States, Japan introduced the technology of the United States through the form of combination of government and industry, and established a preliminary semiconductor industry system. At this time, South Korea and Taiwan still have no decent semiconductor industry.
In 1966, the ten year storm began, but the construction of China‘s semiconductor industry did not stop. In 1968, Beijing group jianguin East photoelectric factory (878 factory), Shanghai set up radio nineteen factory, and completed and put into operation in 1970.
Among them, the 878 factories in Beijing mainly produce TTU circuits, CMOS clock circuits and A/D conversion circuits. Shanghai radio 19 factory mainly produces TTL and HTL digital integrated circuits. They were the top two in the Chinese integrated circuit industry. In 1968, the national defense science and Technology Commission (SAC), in Yongchuan County, Sichuan, established the solid circuit Institute (the Yongchuan Semiconductor Research Institute and the 24 current China electricity), which is the only Institute of analog integrated circuits in China. In the same year, Shanghai radio fourteen factory made PMOS circuit for the first time. In 1970s, Yongchuan Semiconductor Research Institute, no fourteen plant and Beijing 878 plant successively developed NMOS circuit, and then developed CMOS circuit.
In 1972, after President Nixon visited China, China imported a lot of technology from Europe and America. More than 40 integrated circuit factories were put into operation in China. It includes 749 factories (Gansu Tianshui Yonghong equipment factory), 871 factory (Tianshui Tianguang integrated circuit factory in Gansu), 878 factory (Beijing East optoelectronic factory), 4433 factory (Guizhou Tuyun scenery electrician factory), 4435 factory (Hunan Changsha Shaoguan optoelectronic factory) and space 691 factory (Hou Weigui founded Zhongxing). Go into the space 771) and so on.
Also in 1972, the PMOS large-scale integrated circuit developed by our country was born in the Institute of semiconductor research in Yongchuan, which realized the leap from small and medium integrated circuits to large-scale integrated circuits. To achieve this process, the Chinese are 4 years behind the Americans. In 1975, Wang Yangyuan designed the first batch of 1K DRAM at Peking University, 5 years later than the C1103 produced by Intel.
In 1978, Wang Shouwu led Xu Qiuxia and others to develop 4K DRAM in the semiconductor Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and succeeded in mass production in the 109 factory the following year. At this time, 6 years later than the Americans. In 1979, China successfully reversed the 8080 eight bit microprocessor of Intel, one year earlier than Germany and Japan. In 1980, Wang Shouwu also served as the director of the 109 factory, upgrading the old factory building to a high standard clean room of 1000 to 10000, and assembled the first medium and large-scale integrated circuit production line in China.

At this time, under the technical support of the United States, Japan‘s semiconductor research and development officer‘s mode of production was successful. In 1971, the successful development of 1K DRAM was only 1 years later than the United States and surpassed China in an all-round way. In this period, South Korea and Taiwan province have invested a lot of funds to accumulate the foundation of the semiconductor industry by means of industry development plan, technology introduction and study training, and the whole technology has not surpassed our country.
Before the reform and opening up, China took the lead of the whole nation in semiconductor technology. With the efforts of a large number of semiconductors who sacrifice themselves and forget themselves, a relatively complete semiconductor industry system has been established from scratch. Although the construction did not stop, but ten years of sleep, many people are still dreaming, everything is not ready.
Two
By the time 80s, people woke up and found that the outside world was already a forest. "Why did the ice age pass? Why is ice everywhere?" Great sense of material and spiritual deprivation makes people excited and confused. Gradually, people have a new support. "Time is money, efficiency is life". Great country, opportunities are everywhere, and there are too many places to make money. In the semiconductor industry, this bench has been sitting behind the cold industry for ten years.
In the early 80s, the state reduced direct investment in the electronics industry, hoping that the vast majority of electronic factories could find their way to the market. In order to get benefits in the short term, a large number of factories go abroad to buy technology and production lines. The idea of independent research and development of electronic industry was gradually replaced by purchase. This is why Hou Weigui was sent to the United States to inspect the production line in 1980 and to set up ZTE semiconductor in Shenzhen in 1985.
However, due to the technical constraints of the Paris Co ordinating Committee (short for "Batumi"), we can only introduce backward second-hand equipment. All localities and factories are fighting for themselves, lacking unified planning, and cutting-edge technology research is left behind. So the semiconductor industry is more and more backward. From 1984 to 1990, China‘s local governments, state-owned enterprises and universities introduced a total of 33 similar phase out wafer production lines from abroad, with a total cost of about $150 million per seat of $300-600 per seat. The 33 wafer production lines are mostly 3 inch and 4 inch wafer lines. In 1987, Japan‘s R & D DRAM had already adopted a 8 inch line.
Subsequently, the state has taken some measures to coordinate industrial development. In 1986, the Ministry of electronics industry held an integrated circuit strategy seminar in Xiamen and put forward the "531 strategy". That is to say, "popularize 5 micron technology, develop 3 micron technology, tackle 1 micron technology", and implement the layout of two bases and one point in the north and south of microelectronics. That is, the south is concentrated in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai, and the north is concentrated in Beijing. One point is Xi‘an.
Japan in 80s through the accumulation of technology, combined with large-scale human, financial and material investment, in the DRAM technology to complete the American counterattack, while driving the development of the whole semiconductor industry. By 1990, 6 of the top ten semiconductor companies in the world were Japanese companies. And the Japanese students, South Korea, were also led by the government, and the four big chaebol were energetically invested, and quickly pursued Japan with the help of American Dad‘s policy of "Supporting Korea against Japan".
At this time, we have been completely behind Japan, and we have been surpassed by Korea, and we have been left behind. In 1981, the Chinese Academy of Sciences semiconductor developed 16K DRAM (two years later than South Korea). In 1985, the Institute produced the first 64K DRAM in China (one year later than South Korea). In 1986, when the 531 strategy was formulated, the Japanese had begun to push the linewidth from 0.8 microns to 0.5 microns; the Koreans accelerated the development of the 1M DRAM, and the gap with Japan was only 1 years. It was not until 1993 that our country made the first 256K DRAM in Huajing, Wuxi, which was seven years late than Korea.

In the early 90s, Japan‘s economic bubble burst, and South Korea took the opportunity to increase investment and attract talents. In 1992, Samsung exceeded NEC to become the world‘s largest DRAM manufacturer. In the same year, the world‘s first 64M DRAM was developed. Surpass Japan in production and R & D and become the number one in the world.
Perhaps it is the fact that the industry of neighbouring countries has developed rapidly, and the state has changed its own mode of fighting in the past and began to focus on the research and development of semiconductor investment in the way of key projects. In August 1990, the State Planning Commission and the Ministry of mechanical and electrical jointly held a forum of leaders and experts to participate in Beijing. The central government immediately decided to implement the 908 project. The state has invested about 2000000000 yuan for the 908 project. The goal is to build a chip production line of 12 thousand slices, 6 inches and 0.8 to 1.2 microns in a month in Huajing, Wuxi. However, due to the long time of examination and approval, the project started from the beginning to the actual commissioning for 7 years. The chip technology node meets Moore‘s law, which is reduced by half every two years or so. When completed and put into operation in 1997, Huajing‘s technology level has lagged behind the international mainstream technology for four to five generations. The monthly output was only about 800 pieces, which was 240 million yuan in the year when it was put into production. Finally, it was reluctantly bought by Huarun.
In October 1995, the Ministry of electronics and the National Bureau of foreign affairs jointly held a symposium of experts at home and abroad in Beijing, hoping to accelerate the development of China‘s integrated circuit industry. In November, the Ministry of Electronics made a special report to the State Council to confirm the implementation of the 909 project and formally approve the construction of the large-scale integrated circuit chip production line. 909 the registered capital of the 909 project is 4 billion RMB (the State Council decided to increase the appropriation of 100 million US dollars by the central finance in 1996), and the State Council and the Shanghai finance are financed by the funds of the State Council. In 1996, the main body of the 909 project, Shanghai Huahong Microelectronics Co., Ltd., worked with NEC company in Japan to form Shanghai Huahong NEC.
In the year before the 909 project was approved, the "Batumi" was dissolved, but the western countries did not leave us any window period. Then, in July 1996, 33 western countries, including the 17 countries of Batumi, signed the "watensna agreement". The control list of military, military and civilian dual use commodities and technologies, including electronic devices, computers, sensors, new materials and other 9 new technologies, was embargo on the implementation of the embargo. Semiconductor related high-end equipment, technology and components can not be imported, and industrial construction is more difficult.
In 1996, Hu Qili, the then Minister of electronics, served as chairman of Huahong group at the age of 66, and directly led the 909 project. There is a good friend to persuade Hu Qili, "you do 909, is to grab a landmine on top of his head." Hu Qili, on the top of the mine, was hardened by Hu Qili, leading Hua Hong to overcome the tragedy of the long seven year construction of Hua Jing. It was started in July 31, 1997 and completed in February 1999. When it was put into operation, it was catching up with the global chip market. In 2000, it achieved 3 billion 15 million yuan in sales, the profit reached 516 million yuan, and the export earning foreign exchange was 215 million US dollars.
Zhu Xiangceng said, "this is the State Council using the budget deficit to run an enterprise for you. You can give it back to me!" However, the semiconductor industry, which is invested heavily and has a long cycle of return, is too difficult to get the money back quickly.
Three
2001 is China‘s auspicious year. The successful bid for the Olympic Games, the men‘s soccer team‘s entry into the world cup and its entry into the WTO make every country exciting and moving. However, the semiconductor industry has entered a downturn in the hustle and bustle. The American Internet bubble was halted at the peak and the technology industry was slump. The former semiconductor giant, Toshiba, also announced that it would no longer produce general DRAM to fully shrink its semiconductor business. This year, Hua Hong NEC lost 1 billion 384 million yuan in the year.
Half a century ago, China‘s semiconductor industry was aiming at serving military needs and promoting development through the national plan. This tradition extends from inertia to 908 and 909 projects. These projects, which are obviously planned economy, take enterprises as the main body and hope to have a share in the market. This conflict of thinking and identity makes engineering products either obsolete, or requires greater effort to clear up the contradiction, thus making it difficult. More importantly, the single engineering project has limited the upgrading of industrial ecology.
Before and after joining the WTO, the international vision and market-oriented operation mode were introduced into China. The semiconductor industry is increasingly appearing in people‘s vision with the "real industry" posture. In June 2000, the State Council issued a number of policies to encourage the development of the software industry and the integrated circuit industry (No. 18), and introduced a series of preferential policies and measures to promote the development of the IC industry. In the form of policy guidance, we should actively develop industry matching and improve the industrial development environment. Under the guidance of the central and local policies, there has been a wave of investment in integrated circuits in China.
The Ministry of information industry also organized and implemented the "China core" project, vigorously supporting the research and development of IC products with independent intellectual property rights in China. Under the strong support of the National 863 and 973 plans, the domestic CPU has been developed as a key research area. In 2001, the "Fang boat No. 1" was successfully developed by Fang Zhou technology. This was the 32 RISC instruction set CPU of our country‘s independent research and development. In 2002, the "dragon core No. 1" was published by the CAS Computing Institute. It was the 32 bit CPU using the MIPS instruction set. In 2002, North Volkswagen introduced X86 to assimilate and reinnovate, and introduced the independent design X86. Compatible 32 bit "ambition 863" CPU chip.
In 2001, the Vimicro Corp, founded in 1999 by John Deng, who returned to the United States, announced that the first domestic multimedia chip "Starlight 1" with independent intellectual property rights was developed successfully. Since then, medium - and micro - media chips are widely used in PC and smart phone cameras, and are purchased by SONY, Samsung, HP, PHILPS and other IT enterprises. In 2003, the global market share reached 60%. In March 2005, the digital multimedia chip and Shenzhou spacecraft won the first prize of national science and technology progress. In November 2005, China‘s Micro star landed on Nasdaq, becoming the first Chinese chip design company with independent intellectual property rights listed on NASDAQ.
In the same year, Zhang Rujing, a Chinese Taiwanese, was sold to TCHC by big shareholders, which was stolen by the big shareholders in the first hand, and he launched the central international in Shanghai with hatred, capital, technology and team. With the support of Shanghai industries and warden international, we have built three 8 inch production lines in two years, and the speed and efficiency have shocked the industry.
However, when the domestic semiconductor industry flourished and flourished, it was a slap in the face of the Han core incident. In February 2003, Chen Jin, President of the Shanghai Jiaotong University of microelectronics, held a grand conference, announcing the success of the domestic high performance DSP "Han Xin No. 1". The information industry department, the Shanghai municipal government and Wang Yangyuan, Xu Juyan, and Yan Xiao wave and other top experts from the country, said "Han Xin Yi" It has reached the international advanced level and is an important milestone in the history of China‘s chip development.
Three years later, someone accused Mizuki Kiyoka of "Han Xin No.1" fraud on BBS, which soon attracted the attention of the industry. With the deepening of the investigation, the truth has finally come to light. "Han core 1" is only someone who has rubbed away the logo of Motorola chips with sandpaper, and then added the "Han core" logo to "develop". Because of the Han core, Chen Jin has defrauded himself from numerous project funds and honors, making the "Han Xin No. 1" which should have been a dose of strong heart to the Chinese people.
The Han core incident has deeply hurt the feelings of the Chinese people, and has also made a huge impact on the research and market of the semiconductor industry. After a long period of time, people always have a skeptical view of the domestic chip, and occasionally ridicule "not to be polished."
The chip industry is a technology, capital and management heavy accumulation industry. It is easy to go wrong step by step. The Han core incident is only a sign that the whole industry has entered a low ebb. Due to the lack of experience in products, the lack of application of ecology, the national advance of the domestic CPU, Fang Zhou Li Delei Road, Ni Guangnan academician to the Ministry of science and technology "to ask for a crime", the chip in the scientific and technological industry and the market gradually disappeared; only dragon core after the winter, in the special application to find their own foothold.
And John Deng‘s mid - star, because it has always stressed "a technology oriented enterprise", facing the mobile end of the industry is slow and stubborn, a multimedia solution needs multiple chip support. Taiwan‘s MediaTek single chip solution quickly gained the upper hand and quickly grasped the dominance of the multimedia chip industry chain. Since the collapse of China‘s Micro star, in December 2015, China‘s Micro star delisted from NASDAQ.
SMIC launched a 6 year patent lawsuit against TSMC in 2003 due to intellectual property rights. In November 2009, TSI was successful. The two companies immediately announced a settlement, and Central International paid $200 million to TVL, and through the issuance of new shares to TVR and the warrant of warrant, the trading completed the 10% share of the center. Zhang Rujing left central international.
The shortage of core and soul in China is becoming more and more serious. In 2013, China‘s integrated circuit imports amounted to US $231 billion 300 million, surpassing oil and becoming the largest import commodity. The state is also more aware of the strategic importance of the whole industry. After the State Council issued a number of policies to further encourage the development of the software industry and the integrated circuit industry in 2011 (No. 4), in June 2014, the State Council issued the outline of the development and promotion of the national integrated circuit industry, raising the development of the integrated circuit industry into a national strategy; in September, the national integrated circuit industry investment fund was set up. The first stage is 138 billion 700 million yuan for equity investment in the IC industry chain enterprises.
The big fund has changed the form of previous projects, and has invested in leading enterprises in the industrial chain through equity investment. Ding Wenwu, the chief executive of the chief fund of the Information Industry Department of the Ministry of industry and information, made clear that "big funds only invested in the top three of the industry", increasing investment in the chip manufacturing industry, taking into account the design and testing, investment layout from "surface coverage" to "point breakthroughs", and the focus of investment work from "before investing" to "before investing" and " Heavy "change. Since then, the development of domestic semiconductor industry has entered the fast lane.
In 2014, long power technology acquired US $780 million for Singapore, and became the world‘s third. The 8 inch IGBT production line of CSR Zhuzhou was formally put into operation and completed commissioning in Kunming Metro. As the most notable enterprise in this period, the purple light group has carried out large-scale mergers and acquisitions at home and abroad under the support of the state Kai bank and the 150 billion capital capital of wick capital. In 2013, $1 billion 780 million was privatized news technology; in 2014, $900 million took the lead in privatization of anatase overseas; in May 2015, it bought $2 billion 500 million from HP‘s three and 51% shares in the hands of HP; in December 2016, the Changjiang River was registered in Wuhan, Hubei, and the IC international city was built in Nanjing and Chengdu. To store related industries.
Industrial development is always tortuous. In April 2018, a ban from the US Department of Commerce gave the whole Chinese people a lot of cold water. The ban limits and prohibits the application of ZTE communications, the use of any license or license, or any transaction involving articles, software or technology that is bound by the regulations of the export control of the United States. It has been found that the entire company will be completely paralysed if the whole series of products from basic chips, boards, phones, switches and base stations are heavily dependent on American chips and software, and if the ban comes into effect. It turned out that we were still very far away.
Four
In the forty years of rapid development in China, everything has been displayed in the face of extraordinary miracle. "It is not that I do not understand that the world is changing fast". Semiconductors are generally recognized as capital, technology and talent intensive industries. The most important form of integrated circuits is integrated circuit, which requires close cooperation between the industrial chain and downstream. Through simulation design, wafer fabrication, packaging and testing, mature products can be introduced through long-term market verification. Once bug appears, it is often a stone with fine metals waiting to come back, and the cost of trial and error is very high. Therefore, the talent, technology and management of integrated circuits need to be grinded out from the bottom, and the capital return cycle has become longer. This rapid and slow development has become the main contradiction in the current stage of industrial development.
In recent years, some high tech projects in some countries, the technical gap of 10 years or even longer to the top targets in foreign countries, often require the acceptance of the problems in 2 to 3 years, and there must be a large amount of market application proof. The cost does not mean that the time after the single capital is in place is only enough to verify once. Foreign experts tell me that, from design to manufacturing, the principle, architecture and design methods of high-end chips are basically consistent, but there are many little tricks needs to be tried and wrong to find and master, thus forming a complete set of strict process. And these tricks that is not around is the real key. No accumulation of ten years or decades can not be overcome.
The industry characteristics and impetuous mentality have created an awkward situation. Since 2013, IC has surpassed oil for the 5 consecutive year and has become the largest import commodity. On the core, the high-end, the general chip, especially in the digital analog hybrid circuit, AD/DA, super high speed SerDes, the SAW/BAW filter of the RF front end, the high performance PA, the FPGA, the high-performance processor and the EDA tool, and so on, the gap of the technology generation is generally in 5-10 years, and the optimistic estimation of the substitution rate is less than 20%. Therefore, whether ZTE or any downstream industry chain in the country will be sentenced to death under the curse of the embargo.
The devil in the details not only scared away the capital of "short flat fast", but also scared away the practitioners. Data from the China Semiconductor Association shows that the gap in the integrated circuit industry is expected to reach 400 thousand by 2020, and by 2017, it is about 300 thousand of the industry in the whole industry.
We are accustomed to the story of riches, hoping to get a slice of the storm in this era. Few people are willing to settle down to "Polish" a chip. Even famous professors have revealed their own scars: because they did not earn money, three years after graduation, none of them graduated with integrated circuits. In fact, it is not not to make money, is too low. The same 996, the new cosmological center after the village road yards of farmers to support the entire Haidian house prices, and integrated circuit silicon workers, can only focus on the home once wanted to flee.
The promotion of industry needs a positive cycle, the industry is bigger and stronger, the workers‘ treatment is promoted, and more people are attracted to come in, and then the industrial development will be boosted. Unfortunately, the whole semiconductor industry is precisely a negative cycle.
In 2002, Zhang Yiming, a sophomore in the Department of microelectronics at Nankai University, was really tired of his major and asked the Department Director to switch to software engineering every day. Ten years later, he set up today‘s headlines, using software algorithms to push their spare time talks to the majority of silicon workers.
Tail
Looking at the history of semiconductor development in China, every development is in line with the trend of world economic development. Before the reform and opening up, the United States and the Soviet Union fought for hegemony as the front line of the cold war. Through flexible diplomacy, we obtained certain technical support and established a relatively complete semiconductor industry. After the reform and opening up, the world electronics industry moved to East Asia and Southeast Asia, and began to introduce technical equipment and expand the norms. After joining WTO, the market operation was carried out. More mature, more rich in category.
Of course, the development of an industry must consider the course of history, but it also depends on self struggle. The ZTE incident shows us a long-term accumulation of policies, ethos, mentality, technology and talent. Indeed, the core technology market can not be changed, and money can not be bought. It must be based on itself.
In 1966, Xie Xide, who was suffering from leg disease, suffered from cancer. Until she died, she was fighting against cancer. Even more unfortunate, she was knocked down in the storm and shut down in the low-energy physics laboratory she founded, and was arranged to sweep the toilet nine months later. Later, she strongly asked for semiconductor related work before arranging for grinding silicon wafers. It was not until 1972 when Joseph Needham was invited to visit China that her condition changed. In this dry grinding day, Xie Xi De put forward two kinds of process methods, greatly improving the grinding yield.
Perhaps only with this initial heart can the dream come true in the course of future history.
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